W.E.B Du Bois wrote extensively and was the best-known spokesperson for
African-American rights during the first half of the 20th century. He co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (N.A.A.C.P.) in 1909.
The NAACP has done a lot for the black community, for example in 1946, the NAACP won the Morgan v Virginia case where the Supreme Court banned states from having segregated facilities on buses and trains that cross state borders. In 1950, the head of the NAACP’s legal department, Thurgood Marshall, won his case in the Supreme Court for state universities to provide equal facilities for all students.
In 1954, the NAACP won its landmark legal case – Brown v the Board of Education. This case was lead by Special Counsel Thurgood Marshall. The organization had spent years fighting segregation in schools which existed in thirteen southern states. The Supreme Court declared that schools could be “separate and equal”. The NAACP found it easy to prove that children at white-only schools in the south had nearly $38 spent on each one of them per year. For children at black-only schools, the figure was just over $13. The Supreme Court deemed that this was not “equal” and declared schools that were segregated were unconstitutional.
W.E.B Du Bois also wrote five novels about the reconstruction of the Southern States. He also was the first African American student to attend Harvard.